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SETSCI - Volume 3 (2018)
ISAS2018-Winter - 2nd International Symposium on Innovative Approaches in Scientific Studies, Samsun, Turkey, Nov 30, 2018

Electric - Electronic Pictogram Using in the Building Elements (ISAS2018-Winter_136)
Cengiz Tavşan1*, Filiz Tavşan2, Serkan Sipahi3
1Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
2Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
3Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
* Corresponding author: ctavsan@hotmail.com
Published Date: 2019-01-14   |   Page (s): 716-719   |    9     4

ABSTRACT Beginning from the 20th. Century, Architectural designs and plans are became more complex because of the
increasing of functional needs. This appeared an orientation problem for users of the big complex buildings like hospitals, airport,
shopping mall, etc. For solving this problem, there are some graphs designed for interiors. One of that graph type is pictograms.
Pictograms are minimal symbols, which are created for explanation of situation, object, notion, etc.
Pictograms have been used from ancient times. The pictograms that appear as hieroglyphs in ancient Egypt; In today's
architecture; It is seen that it is located on different structural elements such as columns, beams, walls, floors.
In recent years, with the widespread use of technology, fixed graphic pictogram representations; started to take
electronic pictograms. Among the innovations brought by the electronic pictograms, it can be shown to be easier to shape
according to need, ease of maintenance and continuous conversions and eliminating the complexity of writing and figure.
The aim of this study is to classify the electronic pictograms and their innovations according to the structural elements.
In the study, electric - electronic pictogram samples will be discussed according to structural elements and their innovations will
be discussed. Recent electronic pictogram samples used in buildings will be classified according to the structural elements used;
As a result of the classification made, the innovations brought by the electronic pictograms according to the structural elements
will be discussed.  
KEYWORDS Pictogram, Electronic Pictogram, Building Elements, Routers, Graphic Expression.
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