eISSN: 2618-6446
Latest Issue Archive Future Issues About Us JOURNALS

SETSCI - Volume 3 (2018)
ISAS2018-Winter - 2nd International Symposium on Innovative Approaches in Scientific Studies, Samsun, Turkey, Nov 30, 2018

Body Design in Electric Microcars: A Review (ISAS2018-Winter_161)
Levent Bilal1, Gündüz Seyhan2, Merve Karaca3, Mehmet Murat Topaç4*
1Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, Turkey
2Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, Turkey
3Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, Turkey
4Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, Turkey
* Corresponding author: murat.topac@deu.edu.tr
Published Date: 2019-01-14   |   Page (s): 853-858   |    23     4

ABSTRACT As the world is running out of fossil fuels and the environment is being seriously damaged by the combustion residuals
of the internal combustion engines, the world countries have begun to search alternative ways for mobility. Lightweight electric
vehicles with low energy consumption values are seen as one of the strongest candidates of future mobility. As the smallest
versions of road vehicles, microcars are totally suitable for electric vehicle technology, with minimum energy consumption
values due to their minimalistic designs. They reduce the energy consumption values when they also save the redundant sizes of
conventional personal vehicles. Thus, they are also considered as an alternative solution to the expanding traffic jams in major
cities. Body design for an electric vehicle also has a great importance since its weight reduction directly affects the vehicle
driving range. Vehicle body is a larger design domain for the mass optimization, rather than the other parts. In this study, methods
for design and optimization of a microcar body are introduced, which apply to weight reduction by removing materials from
unloaded or relatively less loaded regions and makes an optimization between the mass and stiffness. Comparisons are also made
between the materials which could be used and currently being used in microcar bodies in terms of strength, weight, and price.  
KEYWORDS Microcars, lightweight design, vehicle body design, future mobility, clean energy, optimization
REFERENCES [1] Grzegozek W. (2009), "Ecological City Car. Concepts, Design and Realization", Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol.16.
[2] Mu R., Yamamoto T. (2012), "An Analysis on Mixed Traffic Flow of Conventional Passenger Cars and Microcars Using a Cellular Automata
Model", 8th International Conference on Traffic and Transportation Studies, Changsha, China, 1–3 August.
[3] Jones D.G. B.,Richardson A. J. (2017), "Origins of sports car marketing: early 20th Century British cycle-cars", Journal of Historical Research in Marketing, Vol. 9 Issue: 4, pp.329-358.
[4] García-Verdugo L. V. (2012), “Multidisciplinary development of an electric vehicle typology for the city PhD thesis”, Royal College of Art, Ph.D Thesis.
[5] Harwhite J. S. (1914), “Will the Cyclecar Come Into Its Own?”, Scientific American, Vol. 111, No. 5, pp. 79, 88-89.
[6] Larminie J., Lowry J. (2003), Electric Vehicle Technology Explained, John Wiley & Sons, 296 pages.
[7] Happian-Smith J. (2002), An Introduction to Modern Vehicle Design, Butterworth-Heinemann, 600 pages.
[8] Reske M., Funcke M., Date P., Thonhofer S., Gauthier Q. (2017), “Feasibility Study on a Radically New L6e Vehicle Concept”, EU-Live.
[9] Wolsfeld R., Klein F., Seidel K., Zehnpfennig L. (2018), "Konzept eines L7e-Kleinstfahrzeugs mit hoher passiver Sicherheit", Journal of Lightweight Design, Vol.1, pp. 40-45.
[10] Fresnillo R.M, Almarza E.C, Zink L. Edwards M.J., Holtz J., Pedersen M.S,Heras R.T (2017), "Passive safety for electric lightweight vehicles with multimaterial body and centered driver position - opportunities and limitations", 25th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV): Innovations in Vehicle Safety: Opportunities and Challenges, pp. 17-0305.
[11] Christensen J., Bastien C., Blundel M. V., Grimes O., Appella A., Bareham G., O'Sullivan K. (2012), “Generation of Optimised Hybrid Electric Vehicle Body in White Architecture from a Styling Envelope”, Global Journal of Researches in Engineering, Vol.12, Issue 1.
[12] Ashley S., “Lightweight Sandwich Structures for EV Chassis”, 2012.
[13] G.Thilagavathi, E. Pradeep, T. Kannaian, L. Sasikala, “Development of Natural Fiber Nonwovens for Application as Car Interiors for Noise Control,” Journal of Industrial Textiles, Vol. 39, Issue 3, pp. 267–278, 2010.
[14] H. Wallentowitz, J. Leyers, T. Parr, Materials for Future Automobile Body Structures, 2003.
[15] Ashley S. (2013), “Lightweight Materials Compete for Automakers Attention", SAE Internaional.
[16] Marsh M. (2000), “Development of Auto Body Sheet Materials for Crash Performance,” Conference of Materials and Structures for Energy Absorption, 2000, London.
[17] URL 1: Magnusson C., Andersson R. (2001). “Stainless Steel as a Lightweight Automotive Material”, http://www.bssa.org.uk/cms/File/Conf%2003%20SS%20as%20a%20 Lightweight%20Automotive%20Material.pdf, 18.03.2016.
[18] Ghassemieh E. (2011), “Materials in Automotive Application, State of the Art and Prospects,” in New Trends and Developments in Automotive Industry, pp. 347-394.
[19] Cole G. S., Sherman A. M. (1995), “Lightweight Materials for Automotive Applications,” Materials Characterization, vol. 35 (1), pp. 3–9
[20] URL 2: Smart Fortwo Coupe e-brochure, http://tools.mercedesbenz.co.uk/current/smart/pricelists/new-smart-fortwo.pdf, 11.10.2018.
[21] Cramer D. R., Taggart D. F (2002), “Design and Manufacture of an Affordable Advanced-Composite Automotive Body Structure”, The 19th International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium & Exhibition.
[22] Easton M., Gibson M., Beer A., Barnett M., Davies C., Durandet Y., Blacket S., Chen X., Birbilis N., Abbott T. (2012), “The Application of Magnesium Alloys to the Lightweighting of Automotive Structures,” 4th International Conference on Sustainable Automotive Technologies, Springer, pp. 17–23.
[23] Easton M., Gibson M., Beer A., Barnett M., Davies C., Durandet Y., Blacket S., Chen X., Birbilis N., Abbott T. (2012). “The Application of Magnesium Alloys to the Lightweighting of Automotive Structures,” 4th International Conference on Sustainable Automotive Technologies, Springer, pp. 17–23.
[24] Thilagavathi G., Pradeep E., Kannaian T., Sasikala L. (2010), “Development of Natural Fiber Nonwovens for Application as Car Interiors for Noise Control,” Journal of Industrial Textiles, vol. 39 (3),pp. 267–278.

SET Technology - Turkey

eISSN  : 2618-6446

E-mail : info@set-science.com
+90 533 2245325

Tokat Technology Development Zone Gaziosmanpaşa University Taşlıçiftlik Campus, 60240 TOKAT-TURKEY
©2018 SET Technology