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SETSCI - Volume 3 (2018)
ISAS2018-Winter - 2nd International Symposium on Innovative Approaches in Scientific Studies, Samsun, Turkey, Nov 30, 2018

Comparison of The Some Properties of Handknitted Fabrics From Wool and Angora Handspun Yarns (ISAS2018-Winter_200)
Pelin Gürkan Ünal1*, Rıza Atav2
1Namık Kemal University  , Tekirdağ, Turkey
2Namık Kemal University  , Tekirdağ, Turkey
* Corresponding author: pgunal@nku.edu.tr
Published Date: 2019-01-14   |   Page (s): 1046-1049   |    23     6

ABSTRACT In this study, natural colored (dark gray) wool and white angora fibers were firstly hand-spun and then hand knitted
fabrics were produced from these yarns. Then, mass per unit area, air permeability and the hand of the fabrics were compared
statistically. In addition to this, the knitted fabric made of white angora fiber was dyed in gray and the washing and rubbing
fastness values of the gray dyed angora fabric were compared with the ones of the fabric made of natural colored (pigmented)
gray wool. Because the color in the pigmented wool fiber is due to the melanin pigment in the cortical cells forming the cortex
layer of the fiber, not the dye which is added to the structure, washing and rubbing fastness of the pigmented wool fabric was
superior as expected. On the other hand, since no additional dye was used, a waste load was not created and a more ecological
production in terms of environment was obtained.  
KEYWORDS Pigmented wool, angora, handle, air permeability, dyeing
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