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SETSCI - Volume 3 (2018)
ISAS2018-Winter - 2nd International Symposium on Innovative Approaches in Scientific Studies, Samsun, Turkey, Nov 30, 2018

Determination The Density of Various Luxury Fibers From Different Origins in The Presence of Surface Active Agent Instead of Using Organic Solvents (ISAS2018-Winter_201)
Rıza Atav1, Esra Tuğçe Dıraga2, Pelin Gürkan Ünal3*
1Namık Kemal University, Tekirdağ, Turkey
2Namık Kemal University, Tekirdağ, Turkey
3Namık Kemal University , Tekirdağ, Turkey
* Corresponding author: pgunal@nku.edu.tr
Published Date: 2019-01-14   |   Page (s): 1050-1052   |    21     6

ABSTRACT Using pure water in the determination of the fiber density is a well-known technique and a simple method. But, it is
known that using water in the determination of textile fibers is not sufficient. Thus, the aim of this study is to produce a simple
technique in determination of the textile fibers by adding a wetting agent in the pure water. For this aim, 6 different scoured
protein fibers (one from sheep origin, one from goat origin (mohair), one from rabbit origin (angora) and three from camelid
origin (camel, Huacaya Alpaca and Suri Alpaca)) were investigated. In order to measure the volumes of the 2 grams of fibers,
three different solvents (pure water, a wetting agent added pure water and toluene) were used. The results of the study showed
that pure water is not a sufficient solvent in the determination of the protein fiber’s density since water only by itself is not
enough to wet the fibers and replace the air gaps with water. Adding a wetting agent gave a little bit better results compared to
the pure water. However, toluene as expected gave the best results compared to the previous studies.  
KEYWORDS Protein fibers, density, pure water, wetting agent, toluene
REFERENCES [1] https://www.slideshare.net/SRIKANTH2011/density-gradientmeasurement-ii-vps
[2] http://megep.meb.gov.tr/mte_program_modul/moduller_pdf/Doğal%20Lifler.pdf
[3] http://kitaplar.ankara.edu.tr/dosyalar/pdf/702.pdf
[4] http://iplikonline.com.tr/v1/kultur/tekstil_liflerinin_ozellikleri.php
[5] http://www.ifc.net.au/edit/library_fin_dye_finishing/4.1.04%20Table %20of%20Fibre%20Densities.pdf?14-09-2013%201:42:38%20AM
[6] Stowarzyszenie Inżynierów Techników Przemysłu Włókienniczego: Poradnik Włókiennika. Tom I, Wydawnictwo Przemysłu Lekkiego iSpożywczego, Warszawa, 1961
[7] https://www.derstekstil.name.tr/dolgu-lifleri/20-tekstil-lifleri.html
[8] http://www.mohair.co.za/page/mohair_knowledge_and_information_database
[9] http://www.tekstildershanesi.com.tr/bilgi-deposu/kisa-stapelli-egirmesisteminde-angora-tavsani-lifi-pamuk-karisimli-iplik-egrilmesiuzerine-bir-calisma-1042.html
[10] http://www.ifc.net.au/edit/library_fin_dye_finishing/4.1.04%20Table%20of%20Fibre%20Densities.pdf?14-09-2013%201:42:38%20AM
[11] Kozlowski M. Ryszard ,2012 Handbook of natural fibres
[12] Czaplicki, Z. Properties and Structure of Polish Alpaca Wool. Fibers & Textiles in Eastern Europe 2012, 20, 1(90) 8-12

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