eISSN: 2618-6446
Latest Issue Archive Future Issues About Us JOURNALS

SETSCI - Volume 3 (2018)
ISAS2018-Winter - 2nd International Symposium on Innovative Approaches in Scientific Studies, Samsun, Turkey, Nov 30, 2018

Best Practices and Policies Regarding Forestry in Response to Climate Change (ISAS2018-Winter_50)
Nuray Mısır1*, Mehmet Mısır2, Cemile Çakır3
1Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
2Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
3Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey
* Corresponding author: nuray@ktu.edu.tr
Published Date: 2019-01-14   |   Page (s): 268-272   |    38     6

ABSTRACT Forest functions traditionally included wood production, protection and forest recreation. The twofold role of
forests as both sources and sinks of greenhouse gases makes their influence on the climate extremely significant. This fact has
led to climate change adaptation and mitigation being set as a current priority in forestry. European Union as well as whole
world focuses on the mitigation of climate change impact through increasing the size of the carbon pool in forests, which is a
worldwide recommended mitigation measure. Maintaining the carbon stock and enhancing carbon sequestration of forests in
Europe contributes to the implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto
Protocol. Mitigation is achieved either through the creation of new forest areas or through sustainable forestry. Both
approaches provide carbon sequestration and storage in forest biomass and soils. Therefore, carbon stock needs to be
incorporated in sustainable forestry by supporting research and analysis on these topics. Sustainable forestry contributes to
climate change mitigation by preserving and expanding carbon stocks in the natural and planted forests. In view of this fact,
the paper aims to investigate alternative forestry practices in planted in order to identify the most efficient in terms of carbon
sequestration and storage in forests.  
KEYWORDS Carbon stock, sequestration, planted, forestry practices and policy
REFERENCES [1] S. Federici, F.N. Tubiello, M. Salvatore, H. Jacobs and J. Schmidhuber, “ New estimates of CO2 forest emissions and removals: 1990-2015”. Forest Ecology and Management, 352, 89–98, 2015.
[2] FAO, Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015, Turkey Country Report. Rome, 2014.
[3] Standing Forestry Committee (SFC). (2010) Climate Change and Forestry. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/sites/agriculture/files/fore/publi/wg3-
112010_en.pdf
[4] FAO (2015). Global Forest Watch data for Turkey. Monitoring forests in real time. Available at: http://www.globalforestwatch.org/country/TUR (Accessed: 11 March 2016).
[5] H. Ding, A. Chiabai, S. Silvestri, & P. A. L. D. Nunes, “Valuing climate change impacts on European forest ecosystems,” Ecosystem Services, 18, 141–153, 2016.
[6] IPCC. (2003) Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Good Practice Guidelines on Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry.
[7] P. N. Beets, A. M., Brandon, C. J. Goulding,, M. Kimberley, O., T. S. H. Paul, , & N. Searles, “ The inventory of carbon stock in New Zealand’s post-1989 planted forest for reporting under the kyoto protocol,” Forest Ecology and Management, 262(6), 1119–1130, 2011.
[8] A. W. D’Amaro, J. B. Bradford, S. Fraver, B. J. Palik, 2011. Forest management for mitigation and adaptation to climate change: Insights from long-term silviculture experiments. Forest Ecology and Management. 262: 803–816.
[9] UNFCCC (2016) Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF). Retrieved December 8, 2017, from http://unfccc.int/land_use_and_climate_change/lulucf/items/1084.php
[10] H. Keith, B. G. Mackey, & D. B. Lindenmayer. Re-evaluation of forest biomass carbon stocks and lessons from the world’s most carbon-dense forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,2009, 106 (28), 11635–11640. http://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0901970106.
[11] H. Yavuz, N. Mısır, M. Mısır, A. Tüfekçioğlu, U. Karahalil, M. Küçük, “Development of mechanistic growth models and determination of biomass and carbon sequestration of pure and mixed scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in Blacksea Region,” Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, TUBITAK Project, Tehnical final
report, 2010.
[12] S. E. Luyssaert, A. Detlef Schulze, A. Börner, D. Knohl, b. E. Hessenmöller, P. Law, P. Ciais and J. Grace, “Old-growth forests as global carbon sinks,”, Nature. 455:213–215, 2008.
[13] R. D. Seidl, M. Thom, D. Kautz,M. Martin-Benito, G. Peltoniemi, G. J. Vacchiano, D. Wild, M. Ascoli, J. Petr, M. J. Honkaniemi, V. Lexer, P. Trotsiuk, M. Mairota, M. Svoboda, T. Fabrika, A. Nagel and C. P. O. Reyer,. “Forest disturbances under climate change,” Nature Climate Change 7:395-402., 2017.
[14] T. O. Kuuluvainen , O. Tahvonen and T. Aakala, “Even-Aged and Uneven-Aged Forest Management in Boreal Fennoscandia: A Review,” Ambio. 41(7), 720–737, 2012.
[15] V. Lafond, G., Lagarrigues, T., Cordonnier, B., & Courbaud,, , “Uneven-aged management options to promote forest resilience for climate change adaptation: effects of group selection and harvesting intensity,” Annals of Forest Science, 71(2), 173–186, 2014.
[16] A. K. Sharma, S. Bohn, S. Jose and P. Dwivedi, “Even-Aged vs. Uneven-Aged Silviculture: Implications for Multifunctional Management of Southern Pine Ecosystems,” Forests. 7(4), 86, 2016.
[17] M. Lindner,J.B., Fitzgerald, N. E., Zimmermann, C. Reyer, S. Delzon, E. van der Maaten, M., Hanewinkel, “ Climate change and European forests: What do we know, what are the uncertainties, and what are the implications for forest management,” Journal of Environmental Management, 146, 69–83, 2014.
[18] K. Hairiah, S. Sitompul,M.. van Noordwijk and C. Palm (2001). Methods for sampling carbon stocks above and below ground’, International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, Bogor, Indonesia, ASB Lecture Note 4B, p. pp.25. Available at:
http://www.asb.cgiar.org/PDFwebdocs/LectureNotes/ASB-LN-4BHairiah-et-al-2001-Methods-sampling-carbon-stocks.pdf.
[19] C. Le Quéré, “Trends in the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide,” Nature Geoscience 2:831–836, 2009.
[20] D. Tolunay “Total carbon stocks and carbon accumulation in living tree biomass in forest ecosystems of Turkey,” Turk J Agric For 35 (2011) 265-279, 2011.
[21] T. Karjalainen A. Pussinen J. Liski, G.J. Nabuurs, T. Eggers, T. Lapveteläinen, T. Kaipainen .”Scenario analysis of the impacts of forest management and climate change on the European forest sector carbon budget,” Forest Policy Econ 5:141-155, 2003.
[22] M. V. L. Chiriaco D. Perugini, E. Cimini , R. D’Amaro, G. Valentini, P. Bovio. P. Corona, and A. Barbati. “Comparison of approaches for reporting forest fire-related biomass loss and greenhouse gas emissions in southern Europe, “ International Journal of Wildland Fire 22:730–738, 2013.
[23] P. Corona., A. Ferrara, and O. La Marca, “Sustainable management of forests for atmospheric CO2 depletion: the Italian case,” Journal of Sustainable Forestry 3/4:81–91, 1997.
[24] S. Fares, G. Scarascia Mugnozza, P. Corona, and M. Palahi. “Five steps for managing Europe’s forests,” Nature 519:407–409, 2015.
[25] O. Ciancio, P. Corona, A. Lamonaca, L. Portoghesi, and D.Travaglini. “Conversion of clearcut beech coppices into high forests with continuous cover: a case study in central Italy, Forest Ecology and Management 3:235–240, 2006.
[26] R. K. Dixon, A.M. Solomon, S. Brown, R.A. Houghton, M.C. Trexier, J. Wisniewski,.” Carbon pools and flux of global forest ecosystems,” Science. 263 (5144):185-90, 1994.
[27] Climate Action Reserve (2012) Forest Project Protocol. Version 3.3. Los Angeles. Available at http://www.climateactionreserve.org/
[28] C. P. A. Bourque, E. T. Neilson, C. Gruenwald, S. F. Perrin, J. C. Hiltz, Y. A. Blin, D. E. Swift, “Optimizing carbon sequestration in commercial forests by integrating carbon management objectives in wood supply modeling, “ Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12(7), 1253–1275, 2007.
[29] R. Matthews, The influence of carbon budget methodology on assessments of the impacts of forest management on the carbon balance, In: Apps M, Price D (eds), Forest ecosystems, forest management and the global carbon cycle NATO ASI series. 2006, 140:233–243.
[30] F. R. Meng , C.P.A. Bourque, S.P. Oldford, D.E. Swift, H.C. Smith, “Combining carbon sequestration objectives with timber management planning,” Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. 8:371–403, 2003.
[31] F. B. Metting, J.L. Smith, J.S. Amthor, R.C. Izaurralde,”Science needs and new technology for increasing soil carbon sequestration,” Climate Change. 51:11–34, 2006.
[32] R. A. Ney , J.L. Schnoor, M.A. Mancuso, “ A methodology to estimate carbon storage and flux in forestland using existing forest and soils databases,” Environmental Monitoring Assessment. 78:291– 307, 2002.
[33] N. Van Camp, I. Vande Walle, J. Mertens, S. De Neve, R. Samson, N. Lust, R. Lemeur, P. Boeckx, P. Lootens, D. Beheydt, I. Mestdagh, S. Sleutel,H. Verbeeck, O.Van Cleemput, G. Hofman, L. Carlier.,”Inventory-based carbon stock of Flemish forests: a comparison of European biomass expansion factors,” Ann Forest Sci 61: 677-682, 2004.
[34] A. Jalkanen,R. Mäkipää, G. Ståhl, A. Lehtonen, H. Petersson, “Estimation of the biomass stock of trees in Sweden: comparison of biomass equations and age-dependent biomass expansion factors,” Ann Forest Sci 62: 845-851, 2005.
[35] GR. McPherson, TW Boutton, AJ. Midwood,”Stable carbon isotope analysis of soil organic matter illustrates vegetation change at the grassland/woodland boundary in southeastern Arizona, USA,” Oecologia, 93(1):95−101, 1993.
[36] V. Bayramzadeh, “Does tree species composition control the soil carbon stocks of the Hyrcanian forest in the Northern Iran? (A case study in Guilan province, Iran),” Journal of Forestry Research (2014) 25(1): 143−146, 2014.
[37] H.F. Hoen and B. Solberg, “Potential and economic efficiency of carbon sequestration in forest biomass through silviculture management,” Forest Science. 40:429–451, 1994.
[38] J.S. Bhatti, G.C van Kooten, M.J. Apps, L.D. Laird, I.D. Campbell, C. Campbell, M.R. Turetsky, Z. Yu, E. Banfield, Carbon balance and climate change in boreal forests. Chapter 20. In: Barton P.J., C. Messier, D.W. Smith, W.L. Adamowicz (eds). Towards sustainable management of the Boreal forest. NRC Research Press, Ottawa,
Ontario, pp. 799–855, 2003.

SET Technology - Turkey

eISSN  : 2618-6446

E-mail : info@set-science.com
+90 533 2245325

Tokat Technology Development Zone Gaziosmanpaşa University Taşlıçiftlik Campus, 60240 TOKAT-TURKEY
©2018 SET Technology