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SETSCI - Volume 3 (2018)
ISAS2018-Winter - 2nd International Symposium on Innovative Approaches in Scientific Studies, Samsun, Turkey, Nov 30, 2018

A Review Study on the Using of Diethyl Ether in Diesel Engines: Effects on PM and Smoke Emissions (ISAS2018-Winter_6)
İsmet Sezer1*
1Gümüşhane Üniversity, Gümüşhane, Turkey
* Corresponding author: isezer@gumushane.edu.tr
Published Date: 2019-01-14   |   Page (s): 34-42   |    9     5

ABSTRACT This study was compiled from the results of various researches performed on using diethyl ether as a fuel or fuel
additive in diesel engines. Three different techniques are used the reduction of the harmful exhaust emissions of diesel engines.
The first technique for the reduction of harmful emissions is improved the combustion by modification of engine design and
fuel injection system, but this process is expensive and time consuming. The second technique is the using various exhaust gas
devices like catalytic converter and diesel particulate filter. However, the use of these devices affects negatively diesel engine
performance. The final technique to reduce emissions and also improve diesel engine performance is the use of various
alternative fuels or fuel additives. The major pollutants of diesel engines are oxide of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter
(PM). It is very difficult to reduce NOx and PM simultaneously in practice. The most researches declare that the best way to
reduce is the use of various alternative fuels i.e. natural gas, biogas, biodiesel or using the additives with alternative fuels or
conventional diesel fuel. Therefore, it is very important that the results of various studies on alternative fuels or fuel additives
are evaluated together to practice applications. Especially, this study focus on the use diethyl ether in diesel engines as fuel or
fuel additive in various diesel engine fuels. This review study investigates the effects of diethyl ether addition on the PM or
smoke emissions.  
KEYWORDS Diesel engine, Engine performance, Smoke emissions, Fuel additives, Diethyl ether
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