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SETSCI - Volume 3 (2018)
ISAS2018-Winter - 2nd International Symposium on Innovative Approaches in Scientific Studies, Samsun, Turkey, Nov 30, 2018

Innovation and Technological Advancements in High Rise Buildings “In search of enabling the most flexible space in Architecture” (ISAS2018-Winter_75)
Murat Polat1*
1Fatih Sultan Mehmet Universiy, İstanbul, Turkey
* Corresponding author: mpolat@fsm.edu.tr
Published Date: 2019-01-14   |   Page (s): 399-404   |    34     6

ABSTRACT Since the design of the first high rise building, the “Home Insurance Building” erected in Chicago in 1884-1885
only with 11 floors, new technologies encourage the designers to build taller and slender buildings penetrating through the sky.
In the history, high rise buildings are the results of the complex interaction of innovations in structural and mechanical
systems, as well as artificial lighting, curtain wall systems, and etc. The high rise building typology developed with the office
function mainly in New York and Chicago in 19th century. As people will be living in more dense cities in the near future,
high rise is mainly accepted as achieving more sustainable cities.
Structural system plays a significant role in determining the overall form and efficiency of a high rise building. The building
typology in the globe in the last two decade, the most significant trend related to high rise constructions are iconic and
competitive within each other. These new forms are the results of the technological developments and innovative structural
systems, such as diagrid systems, mega frames, light concrete systems, high-strength concrete tubes, core and outrigger
structures, butressed core, etc. Considering the wind load, lateral load earthquake and gravity high rise buildings’ slenderness
ratio is related with its structural efficiency. The success of designers is related mainly facing these issues by optimizing these
facts wihin the design itself. The developments in technologies enrich the opportunities for the architects and structural
designers to create flexible spaces with slender buildings of the future.
The developments in material and technologies in structural design the foot prints of the high rise buildings are using less
space in cities and allow the architects to use more free spaces apart from floor plans filled with thick columns and shear walls.
This paper focuses mainly on how the developments take place in recent projects in the world. Residential high rise examples
from United States such as 432 Park Avenue designed by architect Rafael Vinoly and 111West 57 Street (Steinway Tower) by
Shop Architects and Herzog De Meuron’s 56 Leonard Street buildings will be evaluated in detail in terms of the new
technologies such as structural systems and engineering services.  
KEYWORDS High Rise, Technology, Flexibility, Architectural Design, Innovation
REFERENCES [1] Wood, A., Salib, R. Natural Ventilation in High-Rise Office Buildings, Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, New York: Routledge; 2013
[2] A . Sev , M. E. Cırpı “ Innovative Technologies and Future Trends in Tall Building Design and Construction” ISITES2014, pp 1113-1122
[3] Marcus S.,Mena H.,Yalnız F.,Shırley C., “432 Park” in Structure Magazine, 2018, paper 32-33.
[4] Marcus S.,Mena H.,Yalnız F.,F. ASCE, “56 Leonard” in Structure Magazine, 2016, paper 28-30.
[5] (2018) The Skyscrapers website. (online). Available: http://www.skyscrapercenter.com/buildings?list=tallest100-residential
[6] (2018) The Skyscrapers website. (online). Available: http://www.skyscrapercenter.com/buildings?list=tallest100-proposed
[7] Bal C., ““Yüksek Bina Yapım Sistemlerinin Tasarım Kısıtlamaları Üzerine Bir Araştırma” İTU , Unpublıshed Thesis, Turkey, Feb. 2003.
[8] Zacks S., “A Tower Like A Toy” in Abitare Magazine, 2018, paper 48-51.
[9] Ali, M.M., Armstrong, P.J. The Architecture of Tall Buildings; Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) Monograph, McGraw-Hill: New York;1995.

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