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SETSCI - Volume (2018)
ISAS 2018 - Ist International Symposium on Innovative Approaches in Scientific Studies, Kemer-Antalya, Turkey, Apr 11, 2018

Investigation of Usage of Waste Fine Fire Clay Ceramic Sanitaryware Products in Polymer Matrix Composite Production (ISAS 2018_55)
Gökhan   Açıkbaş  1*, Hasan   Göçmez  2
1Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi, Meslek Yüksekokulu, Metalürji Programı , Bilecik, Turkey
2Dumlupınar Üniversitesi, Malzeme Bilimi ve Mühendisliği Bölümü  , Kütahya, Turkey
* Corresponding author: gokhan.acikbas@bilecik.edu.tr
Published Date: 2018-06-23   |   Page (s): 59-59   |    74     7

ABSTRACT In the ceramic sanitaryware sector two different slips are used for different products. These slips are VC (vitreous china) and fine fire clay (FFC). Large-sized products must have low firing deformation, like washbasin, shower tray etc. are produced from FFC slips. It is known that FFC products have refractory behavior and contain needle like mullite, quartz, cristobalite and glassy phases after sintering. The mullite phase has a role of enhancing the fracture toughness of the ceramic product due to its needle like structure. In the meantime, high amount of porcelain production and subsequent effect on the environment requires effective essesmant of waste. Although manufacturers effectively utilize sintered waste is difficult to regain due to some processing technical hitches. In this respect, the evaluation of waste materials in the various field needs to be investigated.

In this study, polymer composite were obtained by adding certain size of fine fire clay waste from company produced sanitaryware. The mechanical and physical properties of composites were determined in terms of effect of the amount of ceramic waste added into matrix. Elastic module, bending strength, hardness, water absorption, porosity and density were attained. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) determined the grain size and morphology of samples. In general, enhancement in physico-mechanical properties of FFC reinforced polymer matrix composites were observed.  
KEYWORDS polymer, composite, ffc-sanitaryware, waste, ceramic
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