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SETSCI - Volume (2018)
ISAS 2018 - Ist International Symposium on Innovative Approaches in Scientific Studies, Kemer-Antalya, Turkey, Apr 11, 2018

Production of a Polymer Matrix Composite Material with Antibacterial Property (ISAS 2018_69)
Selçuk Özcan1*, Gökhan   Açıkbaş  2
1Chemical Engineering Department, Bilecik Seyh Edebali University  , Bilecik, Turkey
2Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi, Meslek Yüksekokulu, Metalürji Programı , Bilecik, Turkey
* Corresponding author: selcuk.ozcan@bilecik.edu.tr
Published Date: 2018-06-23   |   Page (s): 73-73   |    70     7

ABSTRACT In this study, in an effort to develop polymer matrix composite materials, especially to be employed as workbench and kitchen bench usage, powdered waste porcelain was used as a filler to form satisfactory mechanical properties together with Salvadora persica (Miswak) in order to impart antibacterial effect to the material. The waste porcelain is obtainable from the local ceramic industries in quantites amounting upto 5% of their production output. While it is known that powdered ceramic fillers enhance mechanical properties of polymer matrices, recycling the large quantities of waste ceramic materials is the economic aspect of the study. On the other hand, antibacterial work benches would be desired for obvious health reasons. Miswak with a combination of its phytochemicals content was shown to inhibit the growth of a large spectrum of gram positive and negative bacteria. The waste porcelain was crushed and milled to a particle size of below 100μm. The porcelain powder and the Miswak stem powder were wet milled together and subsequently dried under vacuum for a homogeneous powder mixture. The polymer matrix composites were produced by die casting. The mechanical properties were determined by the measurement of bulk density, porosity, strength, impact resistance, shore hardness. The microstructure was investigated by SEM-EDX, XRD methods. The antimicrobial activity tests of the surfaces were conducted according to ASTM E2180-07 (Standard Test Method for Determining the Activity of Incorporated Antimicrobial Agent in Polymeric or Hydrophobic Materials). The microorganisms used were Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6538) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 15442) bacteria.  
KEYWORDS Polymer matrix composite, waste porcelain, Miswak, antibacterial bench
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