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SETSCI - Volume 4 (8) (2019)
ISAS WINTER-2019 (SHS) - 4th International Symposium on Innovative Approaches in Social, Human and Administrative Sciences, Samsun, Turkey, Nov 22, 2019

Religion-State Relations in the 1980s: Presidency of Religious Affairs in the Shadow of Political Actors
Mehmet Talha Paşaoğlu1*
1Samsun University, Samsun, Turkey
* Corresponding author: pasaoglu@gmail.com
Published Date: 2019-12-23   |   Page (s): 87-92   |    269     2
https://doi.org/10.36287/setsci.4.8.015

ABSTRACT Kenan Evren, on behalf of peace in society and of national unity and solidarity, put forward some religious values which had led a serious discussions about the understanding and pratice of secularism in Turkey, after 1980. The Presidency of Religious Affairs is at the center of the relationship between religion and politics as an actor who has largely completed its institutionalization during these years. In this study, the views of the important political actors such as Kenan Evren, Bülent Ecevit, Kazım Oksay and the relationship between religion and politics and on Sunni Islam in general were analyzed. In addition, the political functions of the Presidency of Religious Affairs in the 1980s were discussed by examining the outstanding debates in the parliamentary records. As a result, it was seen that the Presidency of Religious Affairs, which entered the process of completing its institutionalization with the mission, purpose and framework specified in the 1982 Constitution after the 1980 coup, came to the forefront as a social actor thanks to the political stability environment provided by the ANAP governments.
KEYWORDS Islam, national unity, religion-politics relations
REFERENCES [1] Birand, Mehmet Ali vd., 12 Eylül Türkiye’sinin Miladı, Doğan Kitap, İstanbul 2005.
[2] Evkuran, Mehmet, Sünni Paradigmayı Anlamak: Bir Ekolün Politik ve Teolojik Yapılanması, Ankara Okulu Yayınları, Ankara 2015.
[3] Evren, Kenan, “Devlet Başkanı Org. Kenan Evren’in Eskişehir Konuşması (4.11.1982)”, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ViN7kkHor4Q, (15.5.2019).
[4] Evren, Kenan, “Devlet Başkanı Org. Kenan Evren’in İstanbul Konuşması (4.11.1982)”, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MU04WcsUhlE, (15.5.2019).
[5] Evren, Kenan, “Devlet Başkanı Org. Kenan Evren’in Kahramanmaraş Konuşması (17.1.1981)”, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PH-uxSj39HY, (15.5.2019).
[6] Milli Kültür: Özel İhtisas Komisyonu Raporu, Devlet Planlama Teşkilatı, Ankara 1983.
Milliyet, “Evren: Yeni Atılım dönemine girdik”, 17 Eylül 1983, s. 8.
[7] Milliyet, “Öğrenci dinî uygulamalara zorlanmayacak”, 8 Şubat 1982 s. 3.
[8] Milliyet, “Ecevit: Tarikatlar yasağı kalkmalı”, 11 Eylül 1989, s. 14.
[9] Milliyet, “Üçok’un “laiklik” raporu”, 11 Ekim 1990, s. 13.
[10] Taşkın, Yüksel, “12 Eylül Atatürkçülüğü ya da Bir Kemalist Restorasyon Teşebbüsü Olarak 12 Eylül”, Modern Türkiye’de Siyasi Düşünce: İslamcılık, İletişim Yayınları, İstanbul 2005, ss. 570-583.
[11] Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi Zabıt Ceridesi, Cilt 22, 13.12.1985.


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